Digital Fascism

Christian Fuchs. 2022. Digital Fascism. Media, Communication and Society Volume Four. New York: Routledge. 344 pages. ISBN 9781032187600.

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This fourth volume in Christian Fuchs’s Media, Communication and Society book series outlines the theoretical foundations of digital fascism and presents case studies of how fascism is communicated online.

Digital Fascism presents and engages with theoretical approaches and empirical studies that allow us to understand how fascism, right-wing authoritarianism, xenophobia, and nationalism are communicated on the Internet. The book builds on theoretical foundations from key theorists such as Theodor W. Adorno, Franz L. Neumann, Erich Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, Wilhelm Reich, Leo Löwenthal, Moishe Postone, Günther Anders, M. N. Roy, or Henry Giroux. The book draws on a range of case studies, including Nazi-celebrations of Hitler’s birthday on Twitter, the ‘red scare 2.0’ directed against Jeremy Corbyn, and political communication online (Donald Trump, Boris Johnson, the Austrian presidential election). These case studies analyse right-wing communication online and on social media. Fuchs argues for the safeguarding of the democratic public sphere and that slowing down and decommodifying the logic of the media can advance and renew debate culture in the age of digital authoritarianism, fake news, echo chambers, and filter bubbles.

Each chapter focuses on a particular dimension of digital fascism or a critical theorist whose work helps us to illuminate how fascism and digital fascism work, making this book an essential reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of media and communication studies, sociology, politics, and political economy as well as anyone who wants to understand what digital fascism is and how it works.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction


2. The Relevance of Franz L. Neumann’s Critical Theory Today: Anxiety and Politics in the New Age of Authoritarian Capitalism

3. Günther Anders’s Critique of Ideology

4. M. N. Roy’s Critique of Ideology, Fascism, and Nationalism

5. Martin Heidegger’s Anti-Semitism: Philosophy of Technology and the Media in the Light of the Black Notebooks. Implications for the Reception of Heidegger in Media and Communication Studies

6. Anti-Semitism, Anti-Marxism, and Technophobia: The Fourth Volume of Martin Heidegger’s Black Notebooks (1942–1948)


7. Fascism 2.0: Hitler’s Birthday on Twitter

8. Red Scare 2.0: User-Generated Ideology in the Age of Jeremy Corbyn and Social Media.

9. Racism, Nationalism and Right-Wing Extremism Online: The 2016 Austrian Presidential Election on Facebook

10. A Frankfurt School Perspective on Donald Trump and His Use of Social Media

11. Donald Trump and Neoliberal Fascism

12. Authoritarian Capitalism, Authoritarian Movements, Authoritarian Communication

13. Why There Are Certain Parallels Between Joachim C. Fest’s Hitler-Biography and Michael Wolff’s Trump-Book

14. How Did Donald Trump Incite a Coup Attempt?

15. Boris Johnson Takes His Brexit Demagoguery to the Social Media Sphere

16. Slow Media: How to Renew Debate in the Age of Digital Authoritarianism


17. Conclusion: What is Digital Fascism?