Nationalism on the Internet

Christian Fuchs. 2020. Nationalism on the Internet: Critical Theory and Ideology in the Age of Social Media and Fake News. New York: Routledge.
Paperback ISBN 978-0-367-35766-5; Hardcover ISBN 978-0-367-36038-2; ebook ISBN 978-0-429-34347-6.

Reading sample: Introduction (PDF)

In this timely book, critical theorist Christian Fuchs asks: What is nationalism and what is the role of social media in the communication of nationalist ideology?
Advancing an applied Marxist theory of nationalism, Fuchs explores nationalist discourse in the world of contemporary digital capitalism that is shaped by social media, big data, fake news, targeted advertising, bots, algorithmic politics, and a high-speed online attention economy. Through two case studies of the German and Austrian 2017 federal elections, the book goes on to develop a critical theory of nationalism that is grounded in the works of Karl Marx, Rosa Luxemburg, and Eric J. Hobsbawm.
Advanced students and scholars of Marxism, nationalism, media, and politics won’t want to miss Fuchs’ latest in-depth study of social media and politics that uncovers the causes, structures, and consequences of nationalism in the age of social media and fake news.

“I feel at home in the entire world wherever there are clouds and birds and human tears.”
– Rosa Luxemburg
“Those who do not move, do not notice their chains.”
– Quote attributed to Rosa Luxemburg
This book is dedicated to the socialists, humanists, anti-authoritarians, anti-fascists, and anti-nationalists of the world. If they unite, they can save humanity from the dangers of barbarism and war that are immanent to capitalism.

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Table of Contents

Chapter One – Introduction: Nationalism Today
PART I – Foundations of a Marxist Theory of Nationalism
Chapter Two – Bourgeois Theories of Nationalism
Chapter Three – Marx’s Concept of Nationalism
Chapter Four – Otto Bauer’s and Rosa Luxemburg’s Opposing Theories of the Nation and Nationalism
Chapter Five – Contemporary Marxist Theories of Nationalism
PART II – Nationalism on Social Media
Chapter Six – German Nationalism on Social Media in the 2017 Elections to the Bundestag
Chapter Seven – Online Nationalism and Social Media Authoritarianism in the Context of the ÖVP/FPÖ Government in Austria
Chapter Eight – Conclusion: Towards a Society of the Commons beyond Authoritarianism and Nationalism